NASHVILLE One of today's most popular worship songs has been deemed too controversial to be included in the latest edition of the hymnal for the Presbyterian Church (USA).
"In Christ Alone," a modern hymn written by Keith Getty and Stuart Townend, consistently ranks in the top 20 songs sung in churches of all stripes, according to Christian Copyright Licensing International. Yet it contains one line that the PCUSA's Committee on Congregational Song did not wish to include in the denomination's hymnal.
The line in question is from the song's second verse: "Till on that cross as Jesus died/The wrath of God was satisfied." Not wishing to portray a wrathful God, the committee asked to change the line to "Till on that cross as Jesus died/The love of God was magnified." The song's writers denied their request.
The decision made waves this week, as people learned about it from evangelical bloggers and through social media.
Timothy George, dean of Beeson Divinity School at Samford University, was among the first to comment on the controversy.
"Sin, judgment, cross, even Christ have become problematic terms in much contemporary theological discourse," George posted in a blog on firstthings.com. "But nothing so irritates and confounds as the idea of divine wrath."
Mary Louise Bringle, who chairs the Presbyterian Committee on Congregational Songs, told the Christian Century that the committee had discovered the hymn's lyrics had been revised to say, "The love of God was magnified," without the authors' permission.
According to Bringle, when the PCUSA group sought permission from Getty and Townend they were denied.
The authors of the hymn insisted on the original wording, and the Committee then voted nine to six that "In Christ Alone" would not be in their new hymnal.
The committee decided "it would do a disservice to this educational mission [of the new hymnal] to perpetuate ... the view that the cross is primarily about God's need to assuage God's anger," Bringle wrote.
Getty told ABC News that they wrote "In Christ Alone" to tell "the whole gospel."
Russell D. Moore responded to the song's rejection in an editorial for The Washington Post.
"As an evangelical, I would argue that it's necessary to sing about the wrath of God," Moore, president of the Southern Baptist Ethics & Religious Liberty Commission, wrote.
"When Christians sing about the wrath of God, we are singing about ourselves. Our consciences point us to the truth that, left to ourselves, we are undone," Moore wrote. "We're not smarter or more moral than anyone else. And God would be just to turn us over to the path we would want to go a path that leads to death. It is only because Jesus lived a life for us, and underwent the curse we deserve, that we stand before God. The grace of God we sing about is amazing precisely because God is just, and won't, like a renegade judge, simply overlook evil."
Boyce College professor Denny Burk was not surprised that the PCUSA found the hymn controversial.
"Although not all PCUSA churches are theologically liberal, the denomination by and large is," Burk wrote on his blog, dennyburk.com. "Liberalism and wrath go together like oil and water; they don't mix. And historically speaking, one of them eventually has to go. When wrath goes, so does the central meaning of the atonement of Christ penal substitution. At the end of the day, the cross itself is the stumbling block, and that is why the PCUSA cannot abide this hymn."
Moore agreed that God's wrath is essential to the Gospel.
"I'm hardly one to tell Presbyterians what they ought to have in their hymnals," Moore wrote. "But the Gospel is good news for Christians because it tells us of a God of both love and justice. The wrath of God doesn't cause us to cower, or to judge our neighbors. It ought to prompt us to see ourselves as recipients of mercy, and as those who will one day give an account. If that's true, let's sing it."
BP news and Christian Examiner staff
Lyrics to the controversial paragraph in the song, "In Christ Alone."
In Christ alone, Who took on flesh,
Fullness of God in helpless babe!
This gift of love and righteousness,
Scorned by the ones He came to save.
Till on that cross as Jesus died,
The wrath of God was satisfied;
For ev'ry sin on Him was laid
Here in the death of Christ I live.
There in the ground His body lay,
Light of the world by darkness slain;
Then bursting forth in glorious day,
Up from the grave He rose again!
For the full lyrics go to GettyMusic.com