DUBLIN As the Olympics drew to a close, new evidence of religious freedom abuses offered a stark contrast to China's efforts to provide religious services for athletes and visitors during the Games.
China hired religious clerics to provide these services and published a special bilingual edition of the Bible for distribution to athletes and official churches during the event. Simultaneously, officials asked house church leaders in Beijing to sign documents agreeing not to hold services during the Games, the China Aid Association (CAA) reported on August 13.
More ominously, China has planned a new crackdown on four "troublesome elements," including house church leaders, for October, when most Olympic athletes, tourists and journalists will have left the country.
A British-based Christian charity, the Bible Society, provided funding for a special bilingual Olympic edition of 30,000 full Bibles and 10,000 New Testaments for distribution in the Olympic Village and to registered churches in the Olympic cities, the Catholic News Agency reported in June. The Amity Printing Press, China's only government-approved Bible publisher, printed the books in a new multimillion dollar facility that opened in Nanjing in May.
The Chinese government claims that Amity produces more than enough Bibles to meet the needs of the Chinese church, a claim many religious freedom organizations dispute. Amity also prints Bibles for export internationally.
A report circulating before the Games declared that China had banned Bibles from the Olympic Village, but this report proved false.
Officials also hired religious clerics from the five government-approved faiths to provide services for athletes and tourists during the Games. The five groups are Buddhists, Taoists, Muslims, Protestants and Catholics; each one answers to a specific religious institution appointed to oversee their activities.
Restrictions in Place
In the lead-up to the Games, officials asked a number of house church pastors to sign a document agreeing to forego any activities at "Christian gathering sites" or meeting points while the Games took place, according to CAA.
Under this agreement, house churches were banned from gathering from July 15 to October 15, a total of 17 weeks. Those who broke the agreement would face "disciplinary action."
The agreement asked that house churches "refrain from organizing and joining illegal gatherings and refrain from receiving donations, sermons and preaching from overseas religious organizations and groups that have a purpose."
The Union of Catholic Asian News confirmed in a report on August 7 that officials had forbidden bishops and priests in unregistered Catholic churches to administer sacraments or do pastoral work during the Games.
Officials placed several underground bishops under house arrest and forbade them to contact their priests, the report added.
In Wuqiu village of Jinxian county, Hebei, police erected a small "house" in front of the cathedral presided over by underground Bishop Julius Jia Zhiguo in order to provide a facility for 24-hour monitoring of the bishop.
Additionally, Bishop Joseph Wei Jingyi of Qiqihar in northeast China received phone calls from government officials asking if he planned to hold any religious gatherings during the Olympics. Wei said he would stay at home and pray for the success of the Games.
Prior to the Games, police banned several Christians from meeting with visiting U.S. government officials and asked others to leave Beijing for the duration of the event.
Police in July repeatedly asked house church pastor Zhang Mingxuan and his wife Xie Fenlang to leave Beijing. When they refused, police on July 18 entered a guesthouse where they were staying and drove them to Yanjiao in neighboring Hebei province.
When Zhang granted an interview to BBC journalist John Simpson, police detained Zhang and Xie before the interview could take place.
On August 10, police seized house church pastor and activist Hua Huiqi when he attempted to participate in a service at the government-approved Juanjie Protestant church in Beijing, where U.S. President George Bush was scheduled to appear.
Hua, still in hiding, wrote a letter to Bush later that day, pleading for prayer for his personal safety and for freedom of belief for all Chinese people.
More prayer may be requested in coming months. China's Communist Party (CPC) will launch a nationwide crackdown on four "unstable social elements" in October.
These elements were listed as illegal Christian house church leaders, petitioners, human rights defenders and political dissidents.
Outlined in a secret government directive passed to CAA, the crackdown is designed to coincide with a new campaign for "20 more years of political and social stability" in China.
In a speech on June 16, Zhou Yongkang, head of the Political and Legal Committee of the Central Committee of the CPC, called for "extraordinary measures" to be taken against these elements in order to protect the CPC's continuous rule and reform programs.
The Beijing Municipal State Security Bureau has also begun a new citizen informant initiative, requiring ordinary citizens to report individuals and organizations posing a threat to national security, including those who "engage in activities that endanger state security by utilizing religions," according to CAA.
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